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Eva Seeley Malamute History
Paul Voelker The Third Strain
Robert Zoller The First Lines


Ch. Gyana of Silver Sled

and Nanook II


Ralph and Marchetta Schmitt, Silver Sled Kennel. They purchased theirs first Malamute from Paul Voelker, a dog called Mikiuk. They owned and used many M'Loot dogs, founders of many breeding programs, still visible in many pedigrees today. Mikiuk was bred with a bitch called Noma. This bred was one of the most important in the history, producing two important champions: Mulpus Brooks Master Otter and Ooloo M'Loot (the first champion female in the breed). They were bred by Paul Voelker and the Schmitts and owned by the Schmitts. Subsequently Master Otter was owned by Jean Lane (Mulpus Brooks).

When the Schmitt crossed Nanook to Ooloo, the breeding produced both Ch. Nanook II and Ch. Gyana. Inbreeding on Nanook II produced Silver Sled Cabara and Pancho. The offspring of various combinations of these early M'Loots became foundation dogs for many later kennels. Their lines were interwoven with other strains to provide many today's Malamutes.


Barbara A. Brooks e Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today", Alpine, 1998.



In Canada, Lorna Jackson was one of the first pure M'Loot breeders, she obtained her dogs directly from Paul Voelker: Ch. Oogerook M'Loot and Lorn-Hall Tonto M'Loot. Both were out of Noma, Tonto was sired by Mikiuk and Oogerook by Gentleman Jim. Oogerook was the first Canadian Champion in the history, the first white champion and the first to place in a group. He also did search and rescue after a devastating hurricane. Oogerook's sons represented an inbreeding of two half-sibling; Ch Lorn-Hall's Yukon was the first Canadian bred champion and never defeated in breed, the other son was Ch. Lorn-Hall's Nordic. Lorn-Hall's Yukon was a TV star. His show career was finished as with a scene a camera on him fell and, besides, he was injured. He died in 1962.

Barbara A. Brooks e Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today", Alpine, 1998.


Ch. Mulpus Brooks Master Otter


As the Seeleys, Jean Lane was breeding and racing both Siberians and Malamutes under the kennel name Mulpus Brooks.

The Siberian Husky history sees her Mulpus Brooks Roadmaster among the founders of the breed. About the Malamutes, the influence of her dogs was influential too, despite she didn't bred a lot, many champions today descend from Mulpus Brooks Master Otter that was bred with Mulpus Brooks Dusty Lane .this produced Mulpus Brooks The Bear, a great breed champion that was owned by the Dawsons of Kobuk.
Jean Lane and her first husband, Bill, formed Mulpus Brooks Kennels in New Hampshire in the 40s. Her breeding program brought together many of the outstanding dogs of the day, leading to Ch Mulpus Brooks Master Otter, the first malamute to place in AKC Group competition. Master Otter's achievement was bettered by his son, Ch Mulpus Brooks the Bear, the first malamute to win an AKC Group.
As an influential breeder and AMCA charter member she helped popularize both our breed and our club. After remarrying, as Jean Bryar she became one of the dominant female sled-team racers of the 50s, winning championships in Alaska and the Lower 48 . Jean Bryar, formerly Jean Lane, passed away in Florida on May 31st.




Barbara A. Brooks e Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today", Alpine, 1998


Ch. Kobuk's Dark Beauty

was very influential in many pedigrees. Bred by Bill and Lois Dawson and owned by Belva Rifkind of Kodara's kennel.


Bill and Lois Dawson were owners and breeders of some of the finest and most influential M'Loot dogs in the breed history. Their kennel name was Kobuk. Their first Malamute was a bitch called Baloo, bred from Barbaric W.Kramer. Baloo was daughter of brother and sister, sired by Ch. Prairie Lash and Shawnee Belle, both out from Ch. Mulpus Brooks Master Otter and Tonga. Subsequently the Dawsons did theirs most important purchase, Ch. Mulpus Brooks The Bear from Jeane Lane. Through The Bear and Ch. Baloo, the Dawsons were breeders of one of the most important dams in breed history; the lovely Kobuk's Dark Beauty, who was owned by Belva Rifkind (Kodara).

    Ch. Mulpus Brooks Master Otter
  Ch. Mulpus Brooks The Bear
      Chisholm's Viking
    Mulpus Brooks Dusty Lane
      Chisholm's Northern Star
Ch. Kobuk's Dark Beauty, ROM
      Ch. Mulpus Brooks Master Otter
    Ch. Prairie Lash
  Ch. Baloo
      Ch. Mulpus Brooks Master Otter
    Shawnee Belle


Barbara A. Brooks e Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today", Alpine, 1998.


Timber Trail Tanya


Delta was interested in the breed, she wrote to Eva Short Seeley for information about buying a female. But Eva had at that time none female for sale. When she met Marchetta Schmitt at the Chicago International Show, she told that this was the breed for her. Marchetta had a litter out of Nooka and Oogerook of Silver Sled. From this litter Delta got Tuyah, later Ch. Tuyah Of Silver Sled, the foundation bitch of the Timber Trail Kennel. Tuyah was bred with Ch. Durango of Husky-Pak and with Ch. Chinook Kotzebue Gripp (a pure Kotzebue). Timber Trail was the admixture of the three founder strains (M'Loot, Hinman/Irwin and Kotzebue). In the picture on the left, Timber Trail Tanya, sired by Chinook Kotzebue Gripp and Tuyah of Silver Sled. Tanya was on an Antarcitc team during Operation Deepfreeze.


Barbara A. Brooks e Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today", Alpine, 1998.


Ch. Spawn's Hot Shot of Roy-El


Along with the new standard (1960) a great young dog from Truchons came onto the scene. It was the Rough Ch. Spawn's Hot Shot of Roy tablespoon (fakir of Roy tablespoon x Snomasque White slide moon, thrown 22.04.1960). He finished his champion on Nationwide within 10months of age. He was a mixture of M'Loot and Kotzebue

Ch. Jingo's Silver Trumpet



Ch. Kodara Koona Karohonta



T'Domar business card


Tom and Ch. Husky-Pak Gazelle


T'Domar sign painted by Doris Baxter and puppy Ch. T'Domar's Black Satan


Tom devoted a room for the trophies








T'Domar Kennels was established by Thomas and Doris Baxter in the early 1960s at Laurens, in upstate New York, near Cooperstown. There on forty acres of land the dogs romped happily by the creek and enjoyed the barn from which their dog runs extended. The Baxters' first Malamute was purchased from Robert Spawn of Polar's Wilderness Kennel. Bob Spawn had a lifetime dedication to breeding better Malamutes and a wonderful eye for this breed. He was an important breeder of the foundation stock that helped produce Husky-Pak, T'Domar and Uyak bloodlines. Bob Spawn advised Tom and mentored a lot of other breeders including Harold Schwartzapfel and Bob Zoller, with whom he both competed and bred. During the late 1950's, Tom Baxter studied the breed and began making more breeder contacts. Robert Zoller's Husky-Pak dogs had the look Tom so greatly admired. So in 1960 Tom and Doris travelled to meet Robert Zoller at Husky-Pak Kennels in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania, and brought home their first bitch, Husky-Pak Gazelle. Gazelle was the first of many dogs the Baxters campaigned in the show ring. Tom's discussions with Bob Zoller, whose breeding philosophy he greatly respected, and Bob Spawn, his mentor, led to his decision to breed Alaskan Malamutes. His goal was to cross the M'Loot and Kotzebue strains, including Hinwin/Irwin strain genes, to enhance the Malamute characteristics he admired most--their size, strength and beauty. Gazelle's sire, Eagle, was the result of a direct M'Loot /Kotzebue cross . Eagle's dam, Ch. Kelerak of Kobuk was out of the pure Kotzebue pair, Ch. Toro of Bras Coupe X Helen of Bras Coupe. Ch. Husky-Pak Gazelle was the first dog the Baxters showed (Doris did the showing) and bred. Tom selected Ch. Spawn's Kulak to complement Gazelle. This crossing produced both the male and the female that were to become the basis for the whole T'Domar line.That is, T'Domar's Voodoo King and his sister, T'Domar's Taboo. Famous dogs in their background include Ch. Apache Chief of Husky-Pak, Ch. Arctic Storm of Husky-Pak and Ch. Spawn's Alaska.


Ch. Spawn's Kulak Ch. Barb-Far Lootok Ch. Daku of Husky-Pak Ch. Apache Chief of Husky-Pak
Ch. Husky-Pak's Mikya of Seguin
Ch. Koonah of Silver Sled Ch. Nanook II, ROM
Oogerook of Silver Sled
Ch. Spawn's Chee-Chee Polar NR Ch. Nanook II, ROM
Arrow of Husky-Pak Kayak of Brookside
Ch. Husky-Pak's Mikya of Seguin
Ch. Husky-Pak Gazelle Ch. Husky-Pak Eagle Ch. Apache Chief of Husky-Pak, ROM Ch. Spawn's Alaska
Chitina # 1
Ch. Kelerak of Kobuk Ch. Toro of Bras Coupe, ROM
Helen of Bras Coupe
Arctic Dawn Of Husky-Pak Ch. Apache Chief of Husky-Pak, ROM Ch. Spawn's Alaska
Chitina # 1
Ch. Husky-Pak's Mikya of Seguin Ch. Moosecat M'Loot


Through the carefully planned inbreeding of Taboo and Voodoo, numerous famous champions were produced. Perhaps most famous are Ch. T'Domar's Kulak (sire of Ch. Uyak Buffalo Bill) and his littermate, Ch. T'Domar's Genghis Kim Shadow (Best of Breed at the National Specialty in 1968). Additional famous inbred champions include Ch. T'Domar's Bismarck, son of Voodoo King and grandson of Taboo, and Ch. T'Domar's Chitina, daughter of Bismarck and granddaughter of Taboo. Doris Baxter handled most of the T'Domar dogs in the show ring, however Bismarck was handled by Harold Schwartzapfel to Best of Winners at the 1968 National Specialty and to Best of Winners at Westminster the same year. Chitina was an especially outstanding Malamute bitch and was owner-handled to Best Of Breed at the Harrisburgh Specialty show in 1969. Bismarck's full brother, Ch.T'Domar's Juneau headed west and left an indelible mark on the breed through his contributions to the gene-pool. Another great T'Domar stud dog was Ch. T'Domar's Khotana. Direct T'Domar breedings continued throughout the 1970s until Tom and Doris retired from the show ring. Many famous Malamute lines today can be traced back to Taboo and Voodoo King. Cassandra Becker of Karohonta Kennels, who bred into T'Domar in the 1970s, are one outstanding example.

All of the Baxter's show dogs retired and lived out their lives at T'Domar with Tom and Doris.


Doris passed away in 2002; Tom passed away in 2006. Marilyn Baxter recently said her parents would have been so proud to see their work reflected in today's show dogs and to know their goal of bigger, stronger, healthier dogs has been realized many times over around the world.


Thomas Baxter, picture taken in June 2005 in Oneonta, NY, at age 84

Wrote by Marilyn Baxter Exclusively for WorldMals


Ch. Aabara of Redhorse


Dorothy bought Timber Trail Cheechako from Delta Smith and with Ch. Durango of husky Pak and from this connection originated Ch. Dagan of Redhorse. Dorothy bred bitch Husky-Pak Morning star with Dagan, then from this connection she kept M'London of Redhorse which the late father of three champions .


Ch. Dorry's Sitka of Northwind, ROM


Doris Knorr has bred under the kennel name Northwind with dogs that go back to the M'Loot continuance of Silver Sled. However, after with Ch. Midnight Shadow of Kuvak, a pure Kotzebue dog of Norris, was bred, she changed her kennel name in Kanangnark. We find in their dogs many genealogy tables from today. The dogs of Lois Olmen (Glacier Kennel) and Nancy Russell (formerly Timberlane, now Storm Kloud) go back to her dogs


Ch. Heritage Kz Tribute of Chinook



Ch. Sno-Pak Tanana's Mascara

THE HOGDENS - SNO-PAK ( Kotzebue Line )

Arthur J. Hodgen, 94, of Wilton, died Jan. 6, 2010 at St. Joseph Hospital in Nashua. The son of Arthur W. and Mary (Stanton) Hodgen, he was born on August 17, 1915 in Wilton, and lived there most of his life. He graduated from Wilton High School in 1934. He worked at General Electric in Lynn, Mass., making parts for the first jet airplane engines during World War II; at Abbott Machine in Wilton; and then at Sanders in Nashua for more than 20 years as a machinist. He built his home in Wilton and moved his family there in 1948. He started Sno-Pak kennels and raised Alaskan Malamutes for more than 60 years, raising dogs that went to Antarctica for Operation Deep Freeze in 1957, and many champion show dogs. He was a charter member and on the board of directors of the Alaskan Malamute Club of America. His Kennel produced some of the finest Kotzebue dogs in the World . He sold the Dillingham's a couple of Kotzebue that helped build Tiara Kennels. Arthur and Natalie also gave Short Seeley her second start after she came back from an illness she thought was going to take her life. They are wonderful kind and thoughtful people. Both legends in the breed.

He operated the Twin Tows Ski Area in Milford with his best friend from childhood, John MacDonald, from 1947 to 1967. He was an avid skier for most of his life, and often hiked to Tuckerman Ravine, even in his 80s. He and his wife of 69 years, H. Natalie Hodgen, traveled annually for many years to ski in Europe, and were known as great travelers and excellent hosts. He is survived by his wife, H. Natalie (Wickens), whom he met in Wilton in 1934 at a winter carnival ball.


Ch. Alaskan's Issuk Of Kuvak



Ch. Tigara's Torch Of Arctica





Tigara was founded in 1952 has been a tremendous significance throughout the history of the breed. They established a line of Malamutes which stood apart from other Malamutes of that time in quality and type. Tigara Alaskan Malamutes began when D.C. Dillingham and Dorothy met at the Santa Ana Valley Kennel Club. She was a single mom at the time with two “Kotzebue” from Bras Coupe Alaskan Malamutes. D.C. was a well-known breeder of Chows and the President of the Santa Ana Valley Kennel Club where Dorothy had just become a member. They were married a year later and started a family. They bred many Alaskan Malamute Champions as well as Multi Specialty winners and National Ranked dogs. Tigara Alaskan Malamutes came known for their genetic bank in producing consistently correct breed type with good angulations that covered ground in the ring. The “Tigara” strain is acknowledged for maintaining excellent reach in the forequarters and powerful follow-through in the rear, proper layback of the shoulders, and hindquarter angulation. Some of the most important foundation dogs of the Tigara Strain are BISS Ch. Tigara's Torch of Arctica ROM, Ch. Tigara's Arctic Explorer, Ch. Tigara's Whip Of Arctica, Ch. Rogue of Tigara (National Specialty Winner), Ch. Tigara Jo Dan Of Arctica, Ch. Tigara's Dortic Shag-Luck, Ch. Tongass Of Tigara and Ch Tigara Arctica Tanunak to name a few. The kennel became a family affair with the daughters, D.C. and Dorothy showing them against the Top Pro Handlers of the day. They retired with their name “Tigara” in l984. D.C passed away Sept 1st 1992, Dorothy passed away Feb 13th, 2006. Toro of Bras Coupe who was a valuable stud to so many kennels lived out his life at Tigara and lies under their apple tree along with many other greats that followed him. Although much of the old Tigara stock is gone it is good to know their many years in the breed were not wasted. Most of the AMCA members that have been in this sport know Tigara history in the breed.


Ch. Tote-Um's Sno-Star, ROM



Ch. Karohonta Voodoo Flame



Ch. Inuit's Wooly Bully



Ch. Glacier's Storm Kloud, CD ROM




Ch. J-Len's Tribute To Mundy



Ch. Kiwaliks Wild Bill



Tigara's Nordisch Kotze Tu



Ch. Cold Valley's Legend De Hurtado


Ch. Cold Valley's Last Edition


Ch. Storm Kloud's Ccyrus Rex Valae


Ch. Cold Valley's Quoderat


The Malamute history in Belgium and Europe by Chris Jannelli (Cold Valley)

Toward the years 1950 already found some rare Malamutes in Europe but the real interest for the breed started in 1960. To this time some breeders, of the French-speaking side of the country, raised mixed breeds with Huskies and Greenland dogs. Between other an old "musher" that sold his dogs without pedigrees. But they were already registered at the Kennel Club like being Alaskan Malamutes. The Kennel Club isn't recognized by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale). The breeding in Belgium, with pure breed Malamute, don't go back up so far, that is to say in 1970. Some had just started rightly and others already made it since longer (Switzerland - United Kingdom).

In 1980 some Malamutes appeared in shows in Belgium of local lineages but there were also the exhibitors coming from France, Germany and Holland.


Mrs. Chris Jannelli of the first kennel "Cold Valley" relate:

To this time I had been contacted by founders of a club for Arctic breeds. The Siberian Huskies had become very popular and the Samoyeds and Greenlanders were already known since one century; therefore the founders of the club searched good Malamutes. To the same moment I also received the visit of the first "mushers", very nice people who had discovered that I was the only person in Belgium to possess some Malamutes unregistered in the FCI. They informed me of the situation in Belgium and they were impressed by my dogs. They asked me to make breeding and to become member of the club in order to take the breed in hand. My intention had never been to make breeding, but the Malamute already interested me since more of twenty years.

If I must rebuild the history of the Malamute in Belgium that is at myself that I must begin because I was the first official breeder. When my first dogs began to win in the international shows, their owners became automatically breeders themselves.


The first pure Malamutes in Belgium

I almost everywhere inquired concerning the bloodlines. In United Kingdom and in Scandinavia the first imported dogs were from "Tote-Um" bloodline. I had seen the Swiss dogs of "Du Longet" kennel: they had especially the Kanangnark/Northwind type and they are present in many of the first pedigrees in Europe. I wrote on a list in the United States of "Sena Lake" kennels and I had to wait during years. Meanwhile in 1957 I received a dog of sleigh of an Italian polar expedition. He pretended that it was an Alaskan Malamute.

In 1960, after being informed me well about the Malamute Alaskan breedings in USA I thought that it was surer to take a dog of the Kotzebue bloodline, especially the bigger type of the "Tigara" kennel that didn't have a chondrodysplasia, hereditary illness that distorts the bones. I had only to find an expert who could choose a puppy for me.

When I visited a show in Holland I met Miss E.H. Urlus with her first Siberian Huskies. She was an airline hostess and went every week toward Alaska where she returned visit to the Dr. Lombard and of other people possessing the first sleddogs. That day I helped her with the Huskies and I could speak thus with her concerning my research of good Malamutes. She didn't know that breed well but she promised to help me.

In 1966, some years later, she brought back with two females (I had asked for a male), she kept one of it, while refusing me to give the other immediately. One of the females seemed to have a bad character and she sold it. With regard to my female she informed me that she first wanted to present it in show. Unfortunately later it was reversed by a car. Meanwhile Miss Urlus had become member of the A.M.C.A (Alaskan Malamute Club of America) and transmitted me all information for that I had asked.

A little bit later, I bought, with my friend Catherine (later we raised some Malamutes in co-ownership) the male "Blizzard", imported of Alaska by a Belgian psychiatrist, left in Australia. Blizz was a very good type. This dog had suffered a lot at his former owner and lived now at my friend like a king. He had the best coat that one can dream for a Malamute (in comparison with our female Tigara), but we discovered quickly that he had an eyes illness and he became blind five years later. We had never used him for raising. In the beginning therefore the Belgian Malamutes were especially the Kotzebue/Tigara type.

Then we imported the "Matanuska" females from Holland as well as other females of the United States, a girl of "Tigara's Nordisch Kotze Tu" and a female "Storm Kloud/ Sugarbear". In the pictures that we had Tigara's Nordisch Kotze Tu was our favorite Malamute (later we had learned that she was a small bitch), but the Storm Kloud bloodline that had beautiful coat and the faces very half notes that missed us in our Tigaras, was going to correct it. The female Sugarbear had the pretty head that we searched for. With my sister and some enthusiastic friends, we began to select.

Then we bought another female more Tigaras of the "Kaila" kennel, she was the "Sena-Lake" bloodline and she had beautiful eyes with almond form. Besides the following dogs were in her pedigree: Ch. Kaila's Witch, Kioona's Rockedy Ann of Cougar. I liked their pretty heads and I wanted to introduce them in our bloodline.

We also bought a female of "Blue Ice" and a female "Storm Kloud" as well as two puppies male, pure Kotzebues from New England: the first was a son of "Taku of Chinook", the last female of Mrs. Seeley (inheritance Carole Williams) The second had more "Sno Pak" bloodline (Kotzebue Youko).

Most Belgian Malamutes have been selected from this reserve of genes and the following males that we used to cover our females.

Before I must say that we possessed two males again that we never used and a third that we only used one time: Nalaotit (Matanuska, Tigara and Switzerland bloodlines). We never used the first, even though it was a very beautiful male, because he didn't agree in our program of raising. We never used Blizz either because of his eyes illness. We didn't use Manitou that only one time because he came from the Switzerland bloodline exported in Italy where there was a lot of inbreeding. His puppies were very nervous and we withdrew it from our breeding program.

While we traveled through Europe in search of a beautiful reproductive male us could return ourselves account of the strong points as well as the weak points of the population of Malamute in Europe. We found a good male in Holland, also imported by Miss Urlus. In Germany we found an American male, "Wild Wind" (Storm Kloud). But the male who has most impressed us was "Boss", freshly imported from Canada by an Italian lawyer. I remain persuaded always that "Boss" was one of the best Malamutes that I ever saw.

The first male that we used with our Tigara females was "Shamrock Shaman" son of Ch. Nordisch Kotze Tu and of Ch. Snocres Panik that we doubled on Ch. Glacier Storm Kloud. Then we used "Boss", his mother was "Chibouki Of Barnak" that was Kotzebue. His father "Hot's Kimo of the North" was for three quarter Husky-Pak and a quarter Kotzebue. From the first litter we kept a female. From the second litter we kept a male who will have a big influence on our bloodline "Ch. Cold Valley's Erasmu", as well as his litter brother, remained also in Belgium, "Cold Valley's Evening Song". His sister went in France "Ch. Cold Valley's Ebraska" that became the most known female in Europe to that time. Later we mated another sister of the litter with "Ch. Baffin's Magic Dragon" son of "Ch. Kaila's Son of a Witch", of this litter my sister and Catherine kept each a female. The biggest was bred, in inbreeding, with "Ch. Sendaishi's Kandu Can Do". From Germany we used the Wild Wind male (owner Steffi Wassermanŕ), in combination with a Tigara female. We also kept a girl from this combination "Iditarod Trail Duska", a bitch with a good structure and strong bones. Her mother returned to the "Mount Kinley" Kennel in Germany (Walter Tinz, one of the first breeders and German musher that had started with the Swiss bloodlines and some Tigara dogs). Iditarod Trail Duska has been used in Spain with "Ch. Du Paumanok Blue Ice Dragon". From this combination five beautiful females descended: "Ch. Cold Valley's Lady Blue" multinational champion. Our BIS and winning of our specialty "Cold Valley's Legend de Hurtado". "Ch. Cold Valley's Moatak Snopaw" and the males "Ch. Cold Valley's Last Edition" (Dauvet-France) and the winner, BOB Italian "Magnificat Taro". Iditarod Trail Duska was bred also with "Ch. Storm Klouds Follow My Dream" - owner: "Del Lago Degli Orsi" kennel - first breeder in Italy. She had a multinational champion of this combination "Ch. Cold Valley's Kodiak Explorer", champion in 13 countries.

Some Belgian females were used with American dogs like "Ch. Sendaishi's Kotzebue Kotokaze" (Tigara and "Sendaishi's Eskimo Eddy"), also in combination with "Ch.Storm Kloud's Vanilla Snowman" and finally with "Nanuke's A Rushin Revolution" what gave two BOB. "Cougar" (Storm Kloud, USA) has been imported by another Belgian breeder. Cold Valley imported as "Ch. Storm Kloud's Cyrus Rex Valae" world champion in 1990 and two other males of "Del Lago degli Orsi" (G. Urbani Italy) used also. All these dogs brought a lot to the breed in Belgium, thanks to their qualities. They allowed us to have a big genetic variety for our breeding program and this in narrow collaboration with other breeders.


Chris Jannelli


For the neophytes all this will seem "Chinese" but if you become passionate of the breed, not only you will know all these dogs, but you will certainly be interested in the forebears of Belgian dogs.



We thanks Vanessa Eylenbosch in Belgium for this article.