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Eva Seeley Paul Voelker Robert Zoller
The Third Strain The First Lines Malamute History

 

King M'Loot

 

Ch. Ooloo M'Loot

 

Moosecat M'Loot

 

Ch. Tuyah of Silver Sled

 

Ch. Mulpus Brook's Master Otter

Paul Voelker

In the twenties, just while the Seeleys were acquiring dogs for their kennel of Alaskan Malamutes in New Hampshire, a man called Paul Voelker was similarly operating for his kennel in Marquette, Michigan, known as M’Loot kennel.
Voelker had spent most of his life breeding and training dogs and had become familiar with a good number of breeds. Now he was looking for something different, so he began to breed a new kind of dog, which he called “Malamute”. The Malamutes of M’Loot kennel had different origins: some dogs had been purchased in Alaska, some from the Army in Montana, others from Mackenzie River Huskies in Minnesota and two bitches came from a litter of an all white Canadian Eskimo Dog. In a kennel brochure Voelker writes that his foundation dogs, both males and females, came from the film industry in California (Barbara A. Brooks and Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today").
Owing to their different origins, the M Loot Malamutes were not so uniform as the Kotzebues. While the Seeleys’ Kotzebue strain included only dogs of grey and white colour, the colours of the M’Loots varied from black and white to silver grey and white. The M’Loots were also heavier and taller than the Kotzebues. Like the Kotzebues, however, Paul Voelker’s M’Loots had a thick straight coat, a bushy tail carried over their back like a plume and straight ears.
Just like Eva Seeley, Paul Voelker was a skilful sleddog driver and his M’Loots were excellent work dogs and received many an official recognition for their performances. Unlike Eva Seeley, Paul Voelker didn’t breed only excellent sleddog subjects. M’Loots were mainly publicized as excellent companion dogs, ideal for whoever was looking for a dog which was so beautiful and eye-catching as to make people stop in the street (ibidem).
Paul Voelker’s M’Loots became popular thanks to his kennel advertisements and lots of dogs were sold to lots of houses all over North America. As Voelker said: “The best examples of the greatest breed have become perfect company dogs for the families in different places from the north in Alaska to the states exposed to the sun in Florida, California and in New Mexico in the south”
M’Loot dogs were not bred only by Paul Voelker, but also by other breeders, who used them as the foundations of their breeding programs. Other M’Loot dogs soon became influential: Gentleman Jim, who became famous for his service in World War II, Silver King and Silver Girl, and a dog called Mikiuk, bred by Paul Voelker and owned by Raplh and Schmitt of Silver Sled Kennels in Wisconsin. Mikiuk was crossed with a bitch called Noma; this combination bred two important champions, Ch. Mulpus Brook's Master Otter (the first Alaskan Malamute to come out on top in show groups) and Ch. Ooloo M'Loot (the first bitch to get a champion title in the history of the breed). Both of them were owned by Silver Sled.
Another important combination was between a dog called Nanook and Ch. Ooloo M'Loot. Two puppies were whelped by this mating: Ch. Nanook II and Ch. Gyana. The descendants of these first M’Loots became later the foundation dogs for many a kennel and are the ancestors of lots of today’s Malamutes.
In 19?? the American Kennel Club reopened the Alaskan Malamute breed to registration. This decision delighted the owners of M’Loot and Hinman-Irwing dogs. They had been possessing dogs that were not officially recognized as Alaskan Malamutes. Eva Seeley’s followers and the Kotzebues’ fans, instead, strongly objected to the decision. In their opinion only Kotzebues were really representative of the breed. In order to be AKC registered, the owners of the “new” Alaskan Malamutes were to show their dogs till they reached 10 points. Strangely enough, no dog personally owned by Paul Voelker, Dick Hinman or Dave Hinman was ever registered. In all cases, many of the breeders that had based their breeding programs on M’Loots and many owners that had bought their ‘original strain’ dogs managed to have their Malamutes registered.
After 1950, most Malamutes had evolved thanks to the mingling of Kotzebues, M'Loots and a little Hinman-Irwin. Some breeders, however, kept crossing pure M’Loots only. Among these was the Canadian breeder Lorna Jackson, owner of Lorn Hall kennel. Lorna bought her first dogs directly from Paul Voelker, and one of these, Oogorook M'Loot, was the first Alaskan Malamute to become a Canadian Champion. Oogorook has also been the first all white Alaskan Malamute that became a champion in the history of the breed.
Another breeder that went on breeding pure M’Loots was Jean Lane, owner of Mulpus Brook kennels. Like Eva Seeley, Jean Lane practised sleddog and bred Alaskan Malamutes and Siberian Huskies. Her Malamute breeding program produced Ch. Mulpus Brooks The Bear, purchased from Bill and Lois Dawsons of Kobuk kennel. “Bear” was the first Malamute to win first prize in the show group (B.O.G.) in 1954. He was also the sire of Kobuk's Dark Beauty, a black and white bitch owned by Mr. and Mrs. Rifkind, from Kodara kennel. Kobuk's Dark Beauty is one of the most important dams in the history of the breed, and she bred Ch. Sno-Crest's Mukluk, the first Alaskan Malamute to win a Best in Show in America.
In 19?? AKC suddenly decided to close breed registration again. A lot of M’Loot owners who hadn’t yet shown and registered their dogs were bitterly surprised.
To achieve greater cooperation with AKC and more influence in important decisions, the Alaskan Malamute Club of America (AMCA) began operating in order to become an AKC member.
This purpose was achieved in 1953, when AMCA received a letter from AKC, which informed that AMCA had been officially accepted as a member.
After that, Kotzebue and M’Loot breeders strove to get round their differences, and the evolution of the breed gradually moved toward the final fusion of the two strains. Although she had strongly objected to M’Loot dogs for years, at a certain point even Eva Seeley took an interest in what this strain could offer and agreed to cross Ch. Chinook Of Kotzebue with Ch. Tuyah Of Silver Sled, an M’Loot bitch owned by Delta Wilson Smith.
In 1960 a new breed standard was adopted for the Malamutes, because of the increasing number of M’Loot dogs which had remarkably influenced their aspect.
M’Loots were bigger than Kotzebues, therefore the breeders that mainly used the M’Loot strain urged to increase height and weight limits (the first breed standard had been based on Gripp Of Yukon, one of Seeley’s dogs). Nevertheless, several Kotzebue breeders had different opinions, and the question was eventually settled by means of a compromise: the present standard is the outcome of that compromise.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Reference:
Barbara A. Brooks e Sherry E. Wallis, "Alaskan Malamute - Yesterday and Today", Alpine, 1998.
Joan McDonald Brearley, This is the Alaskan Malamute, T.F.H., 1975.